Bacteria Found In Plaque and Saliva

October 5, 2012

Why you should maintain oral hygiene.

Oral bacterial biofilm contains an estimated 700 species including oral as well as respiratory pathogens. Medically important pathogens include Enterobacter, Hemophilus and various strains of pneumonia bacteria. Respiratory pathogens in oral biofilm can be released into the saliva and aspirated into the lungs of hospitalized patients, especially those who have a breathing tube in place.

Clinical Implications: Oral hygiene for hospitalized, intubated patients should be considered not only for oral health, but also to prevent aspiration of bacteria into the lungs.